Ostrog “Pishchalovsky Castle” in Minsk is popularly called “Belarusian Bastille”. The palace was built in 1825 in a pseudo-Gothic style. The construction of this unusual building for its time – in the beginning of the 19th century classicism was in vogue, and not Gothic – it was connected with the name of Pischala. In modern historical literature there is no agreement as to who Pischala was-the owner of this palace or simply an architect, the author of the project. Undoubted is only the fact that this palace was considered one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces of Minsk of that time.
Rectangular in terms of three-story building had four massive rounded towers, slightly protruding beyond the common perimeter. The decor of the facades of the building clearly indicates that the architects sought to give the building the look of a medieval castle. The peculiarity of the complex was its some distance from the streets. Perhaps it was planned to break a small park, which would hide the palace from prying eyes.
Anyway, but the city residence Pischalovsky Castle was not long. Local authorities could not afford to have a real palace in the center of Minsk, which could become the center of another uprising. At the initiative of the governor and with the consent of the king, the building was forcibly redeemed from the owner and turned into a prison.
Since then and to this day – for 200 years already: under the king, and in the revolution, in the civil war and under German occupation, and after the war – the Pischalovsky castle was a prison.
The color of the Belarusian nation served its sentence in the prison: the rebels of 1830-1831. and 1863-1864 g., including Vincent Dunin-Martsinkevich and his daughter Camilla (for supporting the insurgents and distributing campaign leaflets); Yakub Kolas (for participation in the congress of teachers); poets Ales Garun and Karus Kaganets; revolutionary Ivan Pulikhov (executed here) and many others. According to the legend, behind the walls of this prison Vincent Dunin-Martsinkevich planned to write his ironic “Pinsk nobility”, and Yakub Kolas – “The New Land”.
For all of its existence, only one person managed to escape – F.E. Dzerzhinsky. There are also two attempts to escape, which ended in failure. What makes Pishchalovsky Castle, or “Volodarka”, as it is called among the people, is one of the most reliable prisons in the world. In addition, it is the only correctional facility in Belarus where the death penalty is executed by execution.
There are plans to remake the prison “Pishchalovsky Castle” in Minsk for a tourist complex, which includes a themed hotel, museum, etc. Therefore, there is no doubt that the prison “Pishchalovsky Castle” in Minsk will soon become a favorite place for tourists who choose tourism and recreation in Belarus, who prefer active recreation in Belarus and thematic tours around Belarus.