The name of this rich man might have been forgotten, if not for his only son Anatoly. He was a revolutionary Narodnik, who gave his whole life to the emancipation of the peasants. In this he was helped by his wife – Varvara Vakhovskaya and their sons: Ivan, Rodion and Gleb.
The life path of Anatoly Bonch-Osmolovsky was not easy. He was born in Vitebsk. The son of a landowner and a tsarist official, after the graduation from any higher educational institution in St. Petersburg, had a brilliant career. But Anatoly chose a different life path. As a student, he conducted vigorous propaganda among students and distributed illegal literature. For his participation in student speeches in St. Petersburg, he was expelled from the university and sent to his father’s estate without the right to enter educational institutions.
Knowing his son, the father made a will in such a way that Anatoly could not enjoy the right to sell the estate. After his death, Osip Osmolovsky left behind him debts that had to be repaid urgently. Anatoly, being extraordinarily enterprising and energetic, makes the father’s estate profitable, he builds a water mill, a starch plant, and repairs the land.
In Błoni, which was considered a “nest of revolutionary contagion”, because there were other revolutionary figures and ex-exiles.
In the second half of the 1890s Anatoly Bonch-Osmolovsky was twice abroad and organized the transfer of illegal literature. In early 1901, he was again arrested, and in 1902 – was deported. He took an active part in the revolutionary events of 1905. In 1908 he became a figurant of a high-profile case on charges of organizing the All-Russian Peasant Union. Anatoly Bonch-Osmolovsky died in Moscow in the 1930s.
In the Pukhovichi Museum of Local Lore an exposition “Life and activity of Bonch-Osmolovsky” was opened, which is devoted to this interesting family. There are preserved furniture, documents and books from the personal library.