For 20 kilometers to the south of the ancient Brest Polissya Corner begins, which is called Maloritchina. This name was given to him by a small river Rita, which from the depths of age-old borhes bears its dark amber waters.
The Malorita region is the land of gray legends and legends, the land of heartfelt Polesie songs and ancient rituals, the edge of original talents and open hearts.
At the Malorita center of folk art, the visitor is waiting for the pearl of the Belarusian folk art – the costume of the Malorite system. The main task of the center is to preserve and study the folk crafts and crafts of Maloritchina. In the regional center of folk art a unique collection of costumes of the Malorite structure was assembled and a unique weaving technology was recreated. Every suit is a journey to geography, history, culture, ethnography of the region.
Workers of the Malorita Center for Folk Art have done a tremendous job: they have recreated from scratch the unique weaving technology “каzhushok”.
It was possible to restore the technology thanks to the efforts of the weaver of the center Stepanida Stepaniuc. The technology of refueling the machine did not bother her.
– How could people who did not have any education, weave such beauty, and we, living in the XXI century and having reached such heights in technology, can not cope with this task, – she shares her experiences.
In order to recreate the “каzhushok”, the masters flung the old skirts from above and above, polled all the women who had been weaving on the machine in the district, studied special literature, encyclopedias, went to libraries, to the higher educational institutions of Brest and Minsk. Six times a loom was refueling, but nothing happened.
– After six months of continuous work, I decided: Well, tomorrow I’ll try again – I can not do it, I throw everything, – Stepanida Alekseevna tells. – I prayed, crossed myself and went to bed.
And at night the woman had a dream.
– I dreamed that I was walking along the mound to Kobrin. There is a green field ahead and there is a crossover on it, behind which a woman is sitting. I was delighted with the vision, realizing that now this woman will tell how to fill the crosna. But when I got to the loom, there was no one behind him, but I still saw how it was tucked in, -Stepanida recalls.
In the morning Stepanida Alekseevna first sat down at the machine and straightened the threads as she saw in a dream. According to the woman’s recollections, her joy was boundless. Thank God and thank God, the woman even cried.
She had woven a canvas on her machine with a “каzhushok tkane” – exactly the unique weaving technology that was used in the 19th century to make a folk costume in Maloritchina.