The zero kilometer of Brest is the place from which the kilometers of roads of the Brest region begin.
After the third section of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Russia former Polish cities and villages were joined, connected by broken, untrodden roads. Poland only on paper belonged to the Russian Empire, in fact it remained a troubled, unconquered and unsettled country where the infrastructure was in a state of neglect. To rule and pacify, needed service roads and regular passenger traffic with all the newly acquired provinces.
It was necessary not only to put in order the roads, but also to streamline the transport network. For this, the versts of the roads were numbered from the center of the province. In many cities, zero verst poles were installed. A post of zero verst was also installed in Brest.
In the early 1990s, the young Republic of Belarus, following the example of Empress Catherine II, streamlined its network of roads, repaired and reconstructed its transport system, and posts of zero kilometers in the largest cities of Belarus were reinstalled.
In Brest, the “Zero kilometer” is located opposite the Krestovozdvizhensky church in Lenin Square. It is a typical columnar column for tsarist Russia, which shows the coat of arms of the city, and on its basis the distances to the towns of Belarus are written.
The mile pillar is always full of tourists who like to be photographed against the background of this Brest landmark and look for the distance to their city, written on the basis of the pillar.