The Soviet and Belarusian politician, who signed the Belovezh agreements in 1991 as the head of the Republic of Belarus. He was born on December 15, 1934.
Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (1970), Professor (1973), Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the BSSR (1982), Laureate of the USSR Council of Ministers Prize (1985), Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1991).
Laureate of numerous international prizes. For example, in 1997 – the International Polish Prize named after Jan Novak-Jezioranski; in 2010, the Lithuanian government awarded the title of “Commander of the Order of Vytautas the Great” for the active support of Lithuania’s independence in 1991. The Foundation for the Remembrance of the Victims of Communism (USA) in 1991 handed Stanislav Shushkevich the Truman-Reagan Freedom Medal. Early years and scientific work Edit
He was born on December 15, 1934 in Minsk. Parents are teachers who come from peasants. Father – Stanislav Petrovich Shushkevich, writer, in the 1930s was repressed, released in 1956.
In 1951 he graduated from the school, in 1956 – the Physics and Mathematics Department of the Belarusian State University (BSU), in 1959 – postgraduate study at the Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Byelorussian SSR, specializing in Radio Spectroscopy. Systems developed by S. Shushkevich and mastered by industry in 1961-1963, appeared abroad only in the early 1970s
Specialist in the field of radio electronics.
Subject of the doctoral dissertation: “Information parameters of signals”.
1959 – Junior Researcher, Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the BSSR
1960-1961 – Senior Engineer of the SKB Minsk Radio Plant. While working at the radio plant, Shushkevich was the curator of the then future Kennedy killer Lee Harvey Oswald, who taught him the Russian language
1961-1967 – senior engineer, chief engineer, head of the laboratory section of the Belarusian State University. VI Lenin
1966-1969 – Vice-rector for scientific work of the Minsk Radio Engineering Institute
1969-1986 – Associate Professor, Professor, Head of the Department of Nuclear Physics, Belarusian State University. V.I.Lenina1986-1990 – Vice-rector of the Belarusian State University. VI Lenin. M. Kravchuk, S. S. Shushkevich, B. N. Yeltsin. 1991.
Stanislav Stanislavovich Shushkevich prepared 33 candidates of physical and mathematical sciences, he was the scientific supervisor of 5 doctoral dissertations
He was invited to lecture at the universities of the GDR (Jensky – 1976, 1978), Yugoslavia (Ljubljani – 1966), Poland (Jagiellonian – 1974, 1994, 1997), USA (Harvard 2000, Yale 2001 and Columbia 2001). In 1999-2000, he worked at the Woodrow Wilson Research Center in Washington, DC
The beginning of political activity Edit
1968-1991 – member of the CPSU.
1989-1991 – People’s Deputy of the USSR, member of the Interregional Deputies Group.
1990-1995 – Member of the Supreme Council of Belarus.
1990-1991 – First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council of Belarus. In August 1991 he spoke against the State Emergency Committee, signed a statement condemning him. September 9, 1991 was elected Chairman of the Supreme Council of Belarus.
Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus
1991-1994 – Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus.
December 7-8, 1991 – a participant in the meeting in Belovezhskaya Pushcha (Viskuli) with the Presidents of Russia Boris Yeltsin and Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk, where a decision was made to eliminate the USSR and create the CIS. As the head of the Belarusian parliament, he signed the Belavezha Agreement.
In 1991 he strongly supported the adoption of the white-red-white state flag and the coat of arms “Pogonya”. In the same year, the chairman of the BPF party Zenon Poznyak initiated a referendum on the dissolution of the Supreme Council and the holding of early parliamentary elections, but Shushkevich rejected the initiative, enlisting the support of the majority of parliamentarians.
In 1992 he began to create Belarusian armed forces, introduced the national currency.
In 1993, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights was ratified.
Shushkevich legalized the Greek Catholic Church.
January 26, 1994 was removed from the post of chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus.
As of 2016 Stanislav Stanislavovich lives in Belarus, lectures at the universities of Poland, Russia, the United States, Lithuania and other countries. Stanislav Shushkevich has his wife Irina. In the past, she was his student, whom he married in 1976. He has a son Stanislav (named after his grandfather) and daughter Elena.