The village of Domachevo can’t boast of significant monuments of architecture, famous natives or military exploits. But for a tourist traveling in Belarus, this area is still of special interest. The fact is that here, in the floodplain of the Western Bug, from the middle of the 16th century one of the first Protestant communities (1564) emerged. The settlers came from Holland and came to our country to popularize the idea of the Reformation. Thanks to mentality, dogma of faith and innate diligence, the colonies quickly turned into prosperous farms of Neubrof and Neidorf. The local people adapted the sounds that were difficult to sound, and the inhabitants of the colony were simply called golendras.
These settlements played a big role in spreading the Protestant faith in the territory of Belarus. Under the personal patronage of Prince Radzivil Black, similar communities began to appear in Brest, Nesvizh, Vilno, Kletsk. It is impossible not to mention the role of the Dutch colonies in the economic development of the area. In this sense, an example of settlers in the village of Domachevo is particularly revealing. Despite the fact that the community lands suffered from frequent floods, the colonists still managed to use them as efficiently as possible. Stone houses, a church, a school for Protestants and Catholics were built. Dairy cows and horses were raised, harvests were collected. Within a few decades, local Dutch became one of the wealthiest inhabitants of the surrounding villages, and the indigenous population worked on their farms. At the beginning of the 20th century, the communities owned a dairy and land-working cooperative, as well as two windmills. With all this, the local population did not feel any aggression towards the colonists, as the Golendra willingly shared methods of farming and their knowledge.
Today, the descendants of Domestic Dutch can be found in the US, Poland, Germany. They unite into unions called Neidorf-Neubrov and even occasionally visit Belarus. The first visit took place in 1995, when a German citizen Hartman Ryl arrived on the ancestral land. Unfortunately, the topic of studying the Dutch heritage of the colonists is not very popular in Belarus and is practically not mentioned in scientific sources. Moreover, the very fact of the existence of Protestant communities near the village of Domachevo until recently was not known to the general public. The fragmentary information was found only in the essays of the ethnographer and historian I.K. Kirkor.
Moreover, in Domachevo it is still possible to find unique evidence of that period.
There are monuments to the Lutheran cemetery (the outskirts of the village), as well as the foundation of the church and some farm buildings. And in Domachevo Orthodox Church of St. Luke there are still two chandeliers, taken in due time from the destroyed Lutheran church.