The monument “Geographic Center of Europe” in Polotsk was solemnly presented to residents and guests of the city on May 31, 2008 as part of the celebration of the City Day. The authors of the memorable sign are the architect Ivan Borovik and the sculptor Alexander Prokhorov.
The official name of the composition is a commemorative sign “Polotsk is the geographical center of Europe”. At the base of the sculptural composition is a rose of winds with the designation of the sides of the world. The next level shows the Northern Hemisphere of the earth. Here is a map of Europe, whose center was determined. Symbolic arc-meridians are decorated with the stamp of distinction of Polotsk – a three-masted ship, which overcame many obstacles on the way from the Varangians to the Greeks. The inscription “Geographic Center of Europe” is translated into five languages: from the north – in Swedish, from the east – in Russian, from the south – in Greek, from the west – in English and in a circle – in Belarusian. In addition, the special labels indicate the coordinates of the extreme points of Europe and its center: 55 degrees 30 minutes north latitude and 28 degrees 48 minutes east longitude.
The geographical center of Europe was discovered with the help of modern computer programs by Belarusian scientists Alexei Solomonov and Valeriy Anoshko under the direction of Boris Furman. As a result, it was established that the geographical center of Europe is located 48 kilometers south-west of Polotsk, near Lake Shaw. Russian scientists confirmed the calculations of their Belarusian counterparts and agreed with their methodology for determining the boundaries of the Old World. True, the memorial sign itself was installed in Polotsk, and not near Lake Shaw, but this does not detract from the significance of the event.
Residents of Polotsk always welcome guests and now every tourist who has come to rest in Polotsk can get a certificate that he visited the heart of Europe. And every guide Polotsk considers it his duty during a tour of Polotsk to draw the attention of tourists to this memorable sign.