The historical and cultural complex “Stalin’s Line” in the vicinity of the village of Loshany is a fortified historical complex 30 kilometers from Minsk, created for the 60th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War with the support and initiative of the “Afgan Memorial” charitable foundation. It was created both for perpetuating the system of defensive fortifications, and for becoming a symbol of the struggle of the Soviet people against fascist Germany.
The complex was opened on June 30, 2005 and is a military-historical museum in the open air. The area of this museum is almost 26 hectares! Here is the most complete exposition of military equipment, tanks, small arms, artillery and aviation in Belarus. The museum also collected a unique collection of German, Russian and Polish armored hats (armor closure with cracks and embrasures for observation and fire), preserved from the time of the First World War.
The basis of the museum are pillboxes (long-term firing points – small fortifications created for defense and shooting from a protected area) of the Minsk fortified area of the “Stalin Line”: a company site of the fortified area was reconstructed, two machine-gun bunkers, a command and observation post were restored. Pre-war drawings recreated the engineering equipment of the area, the system of trenches and fortifications, anti-personnel and anti-tank obstacles. The Minsk fortified area was one of 21 fortified areas of the “Stalin’s Line” – a system of nodal defenses on the border of the USSR in the 1930s. Four of these fortified areas were on the territory of Belarus – Polotsk, Minsk, Mozyr, Slutsk. It is noteworthy that in the Soviet Union this system of defensive structures was never officially called the “Stalin Line”. So they were called only by the Western press, first of all, German.
The historical and cultural complex “Stalin’s Line” in the vicinity of the village of Loshany near Minsk is unique in that all its exhibits are real. Many have survived traces of bullets and shells, dents from debris. And each piece can be touched! Not every museum can boast of this. And even the guides here are dressed in the uniform of commanders and soldiers of the Red Army. Everyone has the opportunity to be inside the pillboxes or trench, to hold small arms in their hands, to feel like a true defender of the Fatherland.
“The Stalin Line” attracts both experts in the field of military equipment, and ordinary tourists. The first deepen their knowledge, and the latter receive unforgettable impressions.
Another feature of the historical and cultural complex “Stalin’s Line” is that here on the real landscape in the battle scenes the real events of the war years are recreated. In particular, the battles that unfolded on the line of the Minsk fortified area in June 1941 are recreated here. Most paramilitary performances are held with the participation of artillery, aviation, tanks and automotive equipment.
The Stalin Line is not only a historical and cultural complex or an open-air museum, but also an excellent place for family or active recreation in Belarus. An artificial lake was created on the territory of the complex, along which you can ride on boats, catamarans or quad bikes; in “Peasant Compound” to try the dishes of Belarusian national cuisine, and in the field tent – a rich “soldier’s porridge”. Both adults and children can test themselves and their abilities in a pneumatic shooting range, and the most daring ones are to experience real weapons of Great Patriotic War in an open shooting club.
The cultural and historical complex “Stalin’s Line” is an object of family and children’s recreation in Belarus, a weekend tour and active recreation, and often – the object of event tourism