The hill castle “Castle Mountain” rises above the city of Mozyr as a glorious reference to its nearly 1000-year history. For the first time Mozyr was mentioned in the Ipatievsky list: Yuri Dolgorukiy presented Prince of Chernigov Svyatoslav with the city and the surrounding area as a gift. The first site of ancient settlement could have appeared much earlier, but since the reign of Svyatoslav Olegovich, the settlement has already gained its first place on the hill.
Mozyr was able to keep accurate data, where was the first castle mountain: as 9 centuries ago, a place on the hill Kommunarov (once Spassky) between the squares of Lenin and Gorky belongs to the buildings of the ancient settlement. An impressive building, reconstructed for the 850th anniversary of the city, is one of the first places that tourists see and visit in Gomel region.
The very first site of ancient settlement occupied almost the same place as the present one: it stood on the hill of the right bank of the river Pripyat, which once washed the very bottom of the hill. Thus, the castle was protected by the river, and was about 130 by 80 meters in size. The ancient inhabitants fortified it with a high rampart 4 meters high, and dug a ditch about the same depth. After two centuries the settlement was moved to the very mountain with the present name of Mount Kommunarov. Perhaps it happened because of the population growth, or the residents themselves seemed to be more safe.
Since then, the site has been rebuilt many times, restored, but after the fire in the 17th century it was no longer erected, completely losing its defensive significance. In its present form it was reconstructed literally a few years ago. To celebrate the 850th anniversary of the mentioning of Mozyr in 2008, the settlement was rebuilt, making it wooden, as it was many years ago. The hill itself “Ancient Mozyr’s Mound” is an archaeological reserve, it has been assigned the third category of value. The territory is protected by the state. Urban planning activities on this land are limited.
Today, residents and visitors of the city can enjoy a rest in the historic center of Mozyr, having visited the Castle Hill, and presenting how the ancient settlers of these places could lead the life. The erected wooden castle is a small copy of the ancient building, but the architects tried to use materials close to the texture and qualities, as well as drawings and drawings of the site of the fortification. Now on the territory of this small wooden masterpiece of architecture you can just walk around and visit the fair. The settlement became one of the most atmospheric and suitable castles in Belarus for holding thematic knight and folklore festivals and competitions. Quite often it is possible to meet exhibitions and sales of local artisans. You can also book an excursion or see stylized expositions in the “Armory” and “Hunting” towers. For children there is a small game “medieval” town with towers, stairs, arches made of wood, populated with fairy-tale characters.